Development of Arab Economics since 1800

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Informations clés

Crédits ECTS
Automne - Fall
Licence - Undergrade
Prérequis / Prerequisites
Advanced B1 level of the CECRL in English
Contenu du cours / Course content
Ever since the fall of Ceuta in the hands of the Portuguese in 1415, European colonialism in the Middle East and North Africa was limited to port cities (Melilla, Oran, Tangiers, Tunis, Aden) and never extending to large swaths of the region. The year 1798 saw the first full intrusion of a European power into the region. Napoleon’s expedition to Egypt had profound political as well as economic effects on the region and marked the beginning of an era of Western domination. In this course we attempt to understand how Arab economies moved from the subsistence stage to gradually integrate the global economy.

Objectifs du cours / Course objectives
This course will provide a historical account of Arab economies from the year 1800 to the outbreak of the Arab Spring in 2011. It has four main objectives. First, introduce the institutions that have governed economic life in the region prior to the era of Western domination. Second, explain the role of European commercial penetration in the radical transformation of the region’s economies and the demise of its political structures. Third, explain how the regions’ economies, once colonized, served the ‘metropole’. Fourth, examine the various attempts by post-colonial governments to achieve economic sovereignty. Finally, investigate why after 50 years of independence Arab countries failed to diversify their economies and deliver full scale prosperity to their citizens.
- the structure of the precolonial Arab economies
- the various explanations on why economies in the region failed to achieve significant economic development in the precolonial period
- how European powers initiated and shaped the region’s economic transformation
- the reaction of domestic interests to economic modernization and European commercial penetration
- the effects of the two world wars on the Arab economies
- the economic reforms undertaken by the postcolonial nationalist governments
- how oil shaped the economies of many Arab countries
- the restructuring of Arab economies in the aftermath of the Third World debt crisis
- the economic challenges facing Arab countries in the 21st century

Université Mohammed VI Polytechnique
Faculté de Gouvernance, Sciences Economiques et Sociales

Lot 660, Hay Moulay Rachid
Ben Guérir, 43150
Tél : 0525-073146
Fax : 0525-073146
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