Human and social sciences - Sciences Humaines et sociales
Automne - Fall
Licence - Undergrade
Prérequis / Prerequisites
Advanced B1 Level of the CECRL in English
Contenu du cours / Course content
This course provides a historical overview of Islamic cultures and societies. The class will begin by considering the form, structure, and the themes of the Holy Book, the Quran, which has laid the basis of Islamic cultures and societies and guided the daily lives of 1.6 billion people (about 23% of the world’s population). The class will then move on to consider the rise of Islam, focusing on these suggested themes: Mohamed and Islam; the meaning of Shari`ah (or, Revealed Law) and its role; the dogma of the Islamic religion; Islamic scholastic schools; circumstances of revelation (or, Asbāb al- Nuzūl); the significance of Mecca and Medina; women and the Qur’an; Sunni vs. Shia Islam; the concept of Jihād; Islam and governance. Finally, the class will center its attention on Islam and Islamic cultures in the present time by considering such issues as: the rise of radical Jihadism; the establishment of a so-called “Islamic Caliphate in the Middle East”; the ambivalent perception and representation of women; separation of religion from statecraft and politics; Islam and democracy and so forth.
Objectifs du cours / Course objectives
The aim of the course is to provide students with such knowledge as would allow them to understand the bases, components, and aspirations of a religion which has not ceased to gain in momentum. By the end of the course, students should be knowledgeable in, and able to discuss the basic tenets of Islam, as established in/by the Qur’ān, and expounded by the Sunnah, have a clear sense of the main developments and setbacks which have taken place in the Islamic world, question some of the major stereotypes about the Quran, the Prophet, and Islam, in general, and come to genuinely appreciate the efforts made by Muslim people to assert an identity of their own, to claim a place in world civilization, and remove all the hurdles that impede the emergence and emancipation of Muslim peoples, as a whole.